Erasmus : Discusses a new theory for DNA mutation, cell growth and replication abnormalities. Mutagenesis by segment substitution causes much faster DNA and chromosomal damage than current point mutation models. Noël Fragment Disease offers a whole range of new explanations for the development of illness. Noël fragments are naked intracellular DNA strands from multiple sources. Chromosomal double strand damage forms the start point or entry point for the integration of the Noël Fragments into cellular DNA. To survive these strands are dependent on the presence of non specific DNA polymerase in the intracellular environment. These altered cells have altered growth, altered gene expression and altered gene products. Cells are typically reprogrammed by the DNA strands leading to a variety of change sin the functions of different cells in tissues and organs. Noël Fragment disease may be relevant to cancer cell growth.
Erasmus : "Noël Fragment Disease in DNA Damage and Cell Mutation" discusses a new theory for DNA mutation, cell growth and replication abnormalities. Mutagenesis by segment substitution causes much faster DNA and chromosomal damage, than current point mutation models. This phenomenon may be relevant to cancer cell growth. Viruses involved include herpes, EBV, CMV. DNA Polymerase (multiple sources), promotes replication of the "Noël Fragments" leading to chromosomal damage.
(Pronounced No-elle Fragment)
DR Xxxxx : A theory to explain advanced mutagenesis in cells, but by a "segment substitution", not a "point mutation" model. The significance lies in the extreme rapidity with which normal cell functions can be altered and with which normal cell controls are lost, allowing uncontrolled cell replication and growth.
Noël (Pronounced No-elle) Fragment Disease occurs when DNA remnants found within human cells replicate using persistent intracellular viral DNA polymerase, or replicate perhaps directly or indirectly via remnant Paill Spectrum organism sourced DNA polymerase.
(A range of viruses may be responsible for the presence of viral DNA polymerase, but the most common viruses would be expected to be from the Herpes family of viruses, notably CMV (Cytomegalovirus) and EBV (Epstein Barr Virus, also known as glandular fever). It is likely that other less well known viruses such as JC virus may also play a role in the development of Noelle Fragment disease). Clinically, EBV appears to be a very significant organism. The Paill Spectrum disease model would explain why clinically many Paill related symptoms and signs including fatigue, intensify after the development of EBV infection.
The suggestion, clinically is that EBV and other intracellular viruses produce a DNA polymerase enzyme (or otherwise remnant DNA polymerase from other sources), and this enzyme supports a cascade of DNA replication that interferes with cell growth and replication mechanisms.
These DNA fragments or remnants are heretofore called "Noël Fragments". They form the final disease arm of the Paill Spectrum and related illnesses.
These DNA fragments or remnants are able to replicate using this non human DNA polymerase. This results in the long-term presence of abnormal DNA and its by-products such as RNA and proteins. These by-products (proteins, RNA or DNA fragments) or simple bacterial action (i.e. intracellular penetration, of the intracellular environment as a consequence of the Paill organisms' normal life cycle), are likely to cross the nuclear membrane and may cause host cell DNA strand damage.
As the quantity of Paill or viral DNA increases, the DNA (perhaps predominantly Paill DNA), spreads intracellularly, including to within the host cell nuclear membrane and may attach to existing host DNA. Damaged host cell DNA strands, may be improperly repaired resulting in “segmental mutations” of cell DNA. The presence of damaged host cell DNA strands would also complicate the repair of DNA injury, allowing segment substitution. This would be expected in the Paill Spectrum model to result in substantial alteration in cellular control mechanisms in a much more rapid and immunogenic fashion than would be explained by the current theory of cellular “point” mutation caused by external agents such as radiation or chemical agents. (Note, the Paill Spectrum model predicts that there are multiple sources of the DNA strands, both intrinsic and extrinsic).
In short, big changes occur very fast, with the potential for repeated cascades of injury then repair. In the Paill Spectrum model if. “usual” models (point mutation models) of cell dysfunction, recurrent segmental DNA damage and repair results in a rapid distortion of the DNA and chromosomal structure of affected cells. Furthermore, in the Paill Spectrum model, the conditions exist in the intracellular environment for repeated injury. This injury process is not random, but is in fact directed at the most vulnerable point in the host. I.e. “Most” damage occurs in the cells that are “most” affected, while other cells may be hardly affected at all.
DR Xxxxx :
This process is likely to be lethal for many cells, due to simple critical systems damage. Alternately, if sufficient alteration of cellular protein synthesis occurs, these cells will be exterminated by the immune system. Because the new proteins are very different, they are easily identified by the immune system and recognized as “foreign”. These cells would then be destroyed by cell mediated and perhaps even antibody mediated immune processes. The Paill Spectrum model would predict that immune suppression would increase substantially, the risk of abnormal "cell growth" syndromes, (so called CPE events). This theory would be consistent with the observation of an increased incidence of lymphoma in long term immunosuppressed patients, such as transplant patients. Abnormal cells in the Paill Spectrum model would have substantially and variably altered DNA and chromosomal structure not consistent with the standard “point mutation” model of these cell growth dysfunction syndromes. The Noël Fragments as well as damaged host DNA may both be re-incorporated into repairing cells.
The disturbance in cellular control mechanisms would be substantially exacerbated by faulty “segmental” DNA repair. These would affect typical cell activities such as cell growth, cell death and cell replication.
In Noël Fragment Disease, changes occur in cell structure
with the addition of strings of useful ingredients (functional genes),
resulting in large rapid changes in cellular appearance and function.
This face would take millennia to evolve
from its ingredients, being added to the genetic mix one point mutation at a time,
but only a single generation to produce this face,
in the Paill Spectrum model of Noël Fragment disease.
DR Xxxxx : Noël Fragments cause weird rapid changes in cells growth and control systems. Cells change what they are and how they work.
The presence of Noël Fragments provides a separate mechanism for DNA mutations. These mutations are segmental not point mutations and the Paill Spectrum model would suggest that the mutations occur secondarily to DNA misreads or substitutions during replication / repair. This mechanism would be expected to produce a disseminated form of cell injury, affecting a diverse range of genes in many different body systems with many diverse cell replication, growth and cell death abnormalities occurring, in many different and perhaps unrelated body tissues.
Faulty repair of multiple damage points on DNA strands in the host cell nucleus would exacerbate this tendency for DNA damage via segment substitution.
Inflammatory reactions may also be triggered by the DNA fragments (of a diverse range) causing a wide variety of inflammatory diseases under general group banners, but with an extreme range of disease severity and of disease markers being present. Abnormal protein markers may be present variably within the family of Paill Related autoimmune or inflammatory diseases.
The existence of Noël Fragment disease in the Paill Spectrum model suggests that there may be two phases to many Paill illnesses. Also that the symptoms and signs of the Paill Spectrum Illnesses caused by Noël Fragment Disease would show a diverse range of symptoms dependent on the genetic / enzymatic makeup of the individual. This would result in disease symptoms in multiple organs at multiple ages or stages or life with variable immune component or disturbance where an immune process has been triggered.
The existence of Noël Fragment disease in the Paill Spectrum model is based on the theoretical projection that there may be two phases to many Paill illnesses. Also that the symptoms and signs of the Paill Spectrum Illnesses secondary to Noël Fragment disease, would show a diverse range of symptoms dependent on the genetic / enzymatic makeup of the individual. This would result in disease symptoms in multiple organs at multiple ages or stages or life with variable immune disturbance where an immune process has been triggered.
Perhaps it may suggest an answer to the age old question "censored"
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Cell longevity and telomerase effects may "censored"
Discusses a new theory for DNA mutation, cell growth and replication abnormalities. Mutagenesis by segment substitution causes much faster DNA and chromosomal damage than current point mutation models. May be relevant to abnormal cell growth. Abnormal cell growth occurs when chromosomal damage is faultily repaired incorporating Noël fragments into host cell DNA, by a segment substitution mechanism.
DR Xxxxx : DNA that has complete avulsion of continuous double helix DNA strands. Such damage would typically affect one chromosomal arm, but not necessarily both chromosomal arms. Where more than one chromosomal arm is affected, the damage is unlikely to be symmetrical, (due to the mechanism of injury).
Paill is a likely source of foreign DNA due to its chronicity and immune evading modus operandi, its importance being amplified by its intracellular life cycle and persistent chronic replication. Intranuclear invasion is likely the most important CPE disease precipitant, when the Paill organism is present.
Other Typical DNA donors include viruses. Well known culprits include: EBV or CMV. Other possible culprits include: herpes 6 virus and other DNA viruses such as for example JC virus. Any Viruses with a “DNA phase” in replication could be another possible source of Foreign DNA.
Any intracellular infecting organism could act as a foreign DNA source. Possibly in some circumstances including extracellular infecting bacteria or unusual infections such as anti-bacterial viral phages, superinfecting bacterial infecting organisms of bacterially contaminated sites, could act as mammalian “segment substitution” DNA donors.
Dead Paill organisms are more likely to result in DNA damage, but continued cell survival. This DNA load arising from deceased Paill Organisms would typically be seen in Paill infection and would of course increase with infection chronicity. The key issue is when an invading organism is dead. Even when the cellular structure is broken down ,DNA fragments remain and may be capable of autonomous replication. This would give rise to a variety of illnesses as well as CPEs.
DR Xxxxx : A non-specific DNA polymerase is essential to allow replication of naked DNA strands in the nucleus or other sites in the cell. As the number of these strands increases, the probability of their accidental incorporation into defectively repaired segments of damaged mammalian DNA increases. These foreign DNA strands may be incorporated into mammalian host cell DNA by segment substitution.
It would be expected that a natural defense to control intracytoplasmic or intranuclear foreign DNA strand replication, would be “specificity” of mammalian DNA Polymerase for initiation sequences of a specific type, (these initiation sequences are distinct and different to initiation codons)
Non-mammalian DNA polymerase would be expected to respond more acceptingly / more generally to initiation sequences, than mammalian DNA polymerase. I.e. Non mammalian DNA polymerase would likely recognize and accept a wider variety of initiation sequences resulting in a better probability to replicate any DNA strand whether a native DNA strand from the host cell or a “foreign” DNA strand from a foreign organism.
Once sufficient foreign DNA strands are present, this would increase the probability of accidental faulty repair of damaged DNA, by segment substitution methods.
DR Xxxxx : DNA damage by other sources would enhance the prevalence of defective DNA repair. Sources of DNA damage include:
Chemical alkylating agents or other DNA cross-linking agents
Chemical mutagens e.g. aflatoxin, dioxins
DR Xxxxx : This includes genes that are predisposed to increase cell proliferation. Another concept may include structures such as chromosomal DNA strand “crease points” creating a likely damage point for double strand DNA breakage. Currently, DNA supercoiling is poorly understood, but faults at this level would likely change the frequency of CPEs. A simple common model for DNA strand crease points is the fragile X syndrome, where long repetition sequences of DNA create bendy bits in the DNA, making the X chromosome look bent or as if “broken” under a light microscope. If a problem is going to occur and affect full gene sequences, it is most likely to affect the “weakest” link or the most fragile DNA sequence. DNA structure is likely to result in specific faults arising in characteristic locations in susceptible individuals, causing specific patterns of cell injury or specific types of CPEs.
DR Xxxxx :By its nature DNA segment substitution mutation, can result in a wide variety of “new” cells. Where the DNA and the DNA products of the new cells differ substantially from the DNA and DNA products of the normal host population of cells, it is likely that the body would recognize these cells are foreign and mount an immune response to the new foreign cells, causing eradication of the cells. Only cells with DNA and DNA products largely similar to the normal cell population, would be likely to evade the immune response and therefore to successfully proliferate. The changes therefore grade towards changes in quantity and control sequences, rather than changes in quality within the mammalian cell DNA.
The predominant method of damage is segment substitution, not point mutation.
This may take the form of duplications of genes, loss of function of control segments of genes or addition of new control segments. Typically, some specific types of alteration in function are more likely to survive and thrive, causing identifiable patterns of CPEs in affected host cell populations. As mentioned above, the selection process initiated by the immune system, favors the replication of segment substitution sequences that do not produce “new” gene products.
Viruses such as EBV have a capacity to transform specific mammalian cells in culture so that cell growth will bypass the Hayflick limit. Presence of transformation sequence genes would increase the probability of CPEs.
Likely to produce effects at multiple levels such as removing a DNA donor, reducing DNA polymerase, reducing DNA cell damage. Even when killed, naked DNA strands from Paill would persist and are capable of initiating a number of medical conditions. Disease cannot be eliminated by killing Paill.
Inactive anti-viral vaccines are an easy and obvious step, but would need to target a range of common DNA phase viruses to make an epidemiological impact. Even common and apparently harmless vaccinations may be associated with long-term illness. Note, for example, in medical school a number of textbooks noted that measles virus fragments have been found in a number of conditions such as Paget’s disease and some tumors. Therapy targeted towards unique control sequences genes may be beneficial, but the problem is to deliver this agent into the intracellular environment and to enable the agent to work there.
Standard Workplace health and Safety type protocols: most of these agents are already well known and recognized.
However, because the likely sources of active transformation sequences have no single source, any vaccine would need to be very polyvalent indeed. Additionally, where no gene product inn terms of a protein or polysaccharide is produced, successful effects are likely to be limited.
The challenge in such a process would of course be not only to achieve control of CPEs but also to quantify any anti-agathic effect of such a treatment program.
DR Xxxxx : Cell line study may involve “transformation of normal or abnormal cell lines with an agent such as EBV, as may be typically used in a laboratory. This practice would complicate isolation of foreign DNA donor agents. Then cells we need to study to find a cause may not tell us a cause because in the study process, the scientists have needed to deliberately contaminate the cell lines with a “causative agent”, to transform the cells being studied into a stable population that is able to be studied..
Erasmus : Noël Fragment Disease in DNA Damage and Cell Mutation
Discusses a new theory for DNA mutation, cell growth and replication abnormalities. Mutagenesis by segment substitution causes much faster DNA and chromosomal damage than current point mutation models. May be relevant to cancer cell growth
DNA, host cell DNA, intracellular DNA, DNA strand, viral DNA, Paill spectrum, Noël Fragment, polymerase, replication, segment substitution, point mutation, mutation models, cancer, polymerase, mutation, cell growth, DNA damage, DNA fragments, chromosomal damage, chromosome, gene product, cell population, mutagenesis, herpes
Noël Fragment Disease in DNA Damage and Cell Mutation Discusses a new theory for DNA mutation, cell growth and replication abnormalities. Mutagenesis by segment substitution causes much faster DNA and chromosomal damage than current point mutation models. May be relevant to cancer cell growth. Viruses involved include herpes, EBV, CMV. DNA Polymerase promotes replication of the Noël fragments leading to chromosomal damage.
Noël Fragment Disease in DNA Damage and Cell Mutation
Discusses a new theory for DNA mutation, cell growth and replication abnormalities. Mutagenesis by segment substitution causes much faster DNA and chromosomal damage than current point mutation models. Noël Fragment Disease offers a whole range of new explanations for the development of illness. Noël fragments are naked intracellular DNA strands from multiple sources. Chromosomal double strand damage forms the start point or entry point for the integration of the Noël Fragments into cellular DNA. To survive these strands are dependent on the presence of non specific DNA polymerase in the intracellular environment. These altered cells have altered growth, altered gene expression and altered gene products. Cells are typically reprogrammed by the DNA strands leading to a variety of change sin the functions of different cells in tissues and organs. Noël Fragment disease may be relevant to cancer cell growth.
Erasmus : Kinkajou: DR Xxxxx : Dr AXxxxx Goo: : :Beethoven and Frobisher Beethoven, The Commandant and Frobisher
The Commandant :
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